If you want to be a connoisseur in the field of interior design and near-interior sciences, then you just need to read this article, because it will cover the pearl of finishing materials and, even more so – the heritage of world culture. Today we will tell you everything about the azulejo: what it is, where the tile came from and how to apply it in the interior.
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The history of tile Azulejo
Do not remember the tiles of the Portuguese clay tile Azulejo simply impossible: its characteristic painting, roasting and glazed surface immediately catches the eye and remains in memory for a long time.
Interestingly, in Portugal and Spain, the glazed painted tile Azulejo (originally zuleija) appeared thanks to the Arabs. After all, the first facing ceramics was made in the East. In Portugal, still preserved samples of ancient Azulejo – they are decorated with the walls of the monastery Conceição and the palace of Sintra. Experts say that they belong to the XV century, that is, this tile is already about 500 years old.
Development of design
Since the original designers azulejo were Arabs, then the relief surface of the tiles, most often, formed into star-shaped patterns, which is very typical for the culture of the East. But the cheerful Portuguese added a variety of painted ornaments, and in time tiles azulejo began to depict naturalistic paintings and even people. In the 16th century, under the influence of Italy, the design of Azulejo included the themes of ancient Roman myths, and the technique of painting itself was slightly different: the paint was applied not to the relief but to the flat surface of the tile previously coated with zinc coating.
The peak of popularity Azulejo was in the middle of the XIX century, when the original tile came into mass production and was widely used for facing walls in palaces and temples, and then for decorating residential buildings, not only from inside, but also from the outside. Azulejo was also often decoration of staircase risers. Such decorations can still be found on the streets of Lisbon.
Azulejo in the modern interior
Modern manufacturers of ceramic tiles still use the design features of Azulejo and create unique samples in the likeness of the Portuguese original. So, a glazed glazed tile with bright motifs or two-colored ornamentation is not just a decorative material, but a colorful addition of interior design. Which introduces a special character in the design of any room.
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By the way, fashion for a patchwork tile is an echo of Azulejo. Such a tile, despite the bright pattern, looks great in the composition. If desired, it can be combined with ordinary white tiles.
Traditional Azulejo motifs look great in the lining of not only the walls, but also the floor, the ceiling and even the furniture facades. Very stylish and original looks accented wall in the style of Azulejo. In a word, such a plate can take on the role of the main decoration of a modern interior! It can be safely used to decorate cafes and restaurants, and one of the advantages of good samples is that they are beautifully aged, and chips and cracks only supplement the overall picture.
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